VI Recreational Fishery Project
The U.S. Virgin Islands Department of Planning and Natural Resources (DPNR) Division of Fish and Wildlife (DFW) has an extensive data collection program on the commercial fisheries of the USVI. However, the recreational fishery is just as important to the local economy, culture, and recreation. In order to preserve and maintain our fishery resources, DFW has begun collecting data on our important recreational fisheries.
In 2017, a recreational fishing report form was developed and disseminated to the recreational fishing communities to begin collecting information on fishing activity and landings. In addition to our continued data collection at over 10 annual sportfishing tournaments in the Territory, this has enhanced what is known about the local recreational fishery.
Information on fishing activity and landings is essential to successful management of our recreational fisheries. Whether you:
- are a shoreline-based fisher, a private vessel owner, or a vessel for hire;
- fish daily or only occasionally;
- are a local USVI resident or visitor.
We need your help! We have created an online form to make it easy for recreational anglers to report their catch. We ask that all fishers submit this voluntary report each time you go fishing as part of the recreational fishing licensing program. The survey collects information about your fishing trip, your vessel, and your catch. Your data will remain confidential and will contribute to better management of our fisheries, supporting their sustainability for generations to come.
The current VI Recreational Fishery Project allows DFW to expand our data collection and analysis efforts even further, involving online reporting and paper logbooks that are available to frequent fishers and fishing charter operations. The report form can be accessed at the web link https://tinyurl.com/usvifish or by using the Quick Response (QR) Code below.
QR Code Instructions:
- Using your smartphone, open the camera or a QR code reader application and point it at the QR code.
- Click the link that appears to open the U.S. Virgin Islands Recreational Fishing Report Form.
- Enter your fishing trip information.
- Click “Submit” at the bottom of the form to send your data to the Division of Fish and Wildlife!
Dolphinfish Tagging Program
As part of the USVI Fish Aggregating Devices Program, the Division of Fish and Wildlife partners with the Dolphinfish Research Program (DRP) (http://dolphintagging.com/) and the Beyond Our Shores Foundation (https://beyondourshores.org/) to expand their dolphinfish tagging program to the U.S. Virgin Islands. Polyethylene dart tags are distributed to recreational, charter, and commercial fishers who volunteer to participate in the program. Anglers tag dolphinfish they catch near the USVI Fish Aggregating Devices (FADs), record the length of the fish, and release the fish unharmed back into the water. Anglers then submit the tagging location and related information back to the Dolphinfish Research Program and Beyond Our Shores. Anglers who capture a fish that has already been tagged may submit a Recapture Report at https://beyondourshores.org/report-recapture/. This important program helps to collect information on dolphinfish movements, range, and recreational fishing activity around the Caribbean and wider Atlantic region.
If you are an angler based in the USVI and would like to participate in the dolphinfish tagging program, contact us to obtain a free tagging kit.
Sport Fish Enhancement Using Fish Aggregating Devices (FADs)
Fish are often attracted to objects floating in the water, which provide them with food, shelter, and visual landmarks in otherwise indistinct areas. Different types of artificial fish aggregating devices (FADs) have been used around the world to concentrate game fish species and enhance sport fishing activity.
FADs work by providing a structure in the water that is first colonized by algae species and invertebrates such as barnacles. Small fish such as baitfish species are attracted to the algae and invertebrates as a food source. These species may also use the buoy for protection from larger fish, which are attracted to the area to prey on the smaller fish. Ultimately, large pelagic gamefish species can be drawn to the FADs, making them an attractive target to recreational anglers. FADs also enhance sportfishing opportunities by reducing fuel costs and time spent searching for fish and by increasing fishing efficiency, providing a more enjoyable fishing experience.
FADs have been installed, maintained, and monitored in the waters surrounding the U.S. Virgin Islands by the Department of Planning and Natural Resources’ Division of Fish and Wildlife (DFW) for over 30 years. The USVI uses FAD designs consisting of buoys that either sit on the surface or are submerged approximately 50 feet below the surface. Both of these designs have advantages and attract sportfish species. All FADs are inspected and monitored on a quarterly basis to allow for replacement of any worn components before they break and to document ecological communities observed around the buoys. During these surveys, divers record video and photographs of fish in the vicinity and note the presence of any rare, large, or endangered species.
|18° 33.862’ N
18° 35.498’ N
18° 38.158’ N
|65° 08.773’ W
65° 03.188’ W
65° 03.562’ W
|12 miles northwest of Cockroach Cay, St. Thomas
13 miles north of Cockroach Cay, St. Thomas
15 miles north of Cricket Rock, St. Thomas
|T8||18° 38.252’ N||64° 58.614’ W||16 miles north of Outer Brass, St. Thomas|
17° 46.966’ N
65° 01.302’ W
8 mi west of Ham’s Bluff, St. Croix
FADs create new habitat for coastal and offshore pelagic sportfish species. Depending on factors such as season, location, environmental conditions, and fishing gear, you may catch any of the following game fish species near FADs:
- Tunas (Yellowfin Tuna, Blackfin Tuna, Skipjack Tuna, Bigeye Tuna, Little Tunny)
- Jacks (Rainbow Runner, Blue Runner, Horse-Eye Jack, Crevalle Jack)
- Mackerel (King Mackerel, Cero Mackerel)
- Billfish (Blue Marlin, White Marlin, Sailfish, Swordfish)
- And more!
If you go fishing around the USVI FADs, please report your catch using our online recreational fishing survey form (https://form.jotform.co/80293727553866) and be sure to note the name of the FAD where you caught your fish!
The U.S. Virgin Islands has an extremely active recreational fishery known for its access to coastal as well as offshore fishing. Targeted species range from large pelagics and billfish (wahoo, dolphinfish, tunas, blue marlin, white marlin) to coastal pelagics (king mackerel, cero mackerel, barracuda, jacks), and reef fish (grouper, snapper, triggerfish, and more). The USVI recreational fishery consists of shoreline fishers, private use vessels, and charter operations.
“Recreational fishing” is defined as “fishing or fishing activities which result in the harvest of fish, none of which (or parts thereof) is sold, traded, or bartered” (50 CFR 622.2). Sale, barter, or trade of catch by recreational fishers is prohibited. The following gear types are considered commercial gear and may not be used by recreational fishers: pots, traps, and seines.
There are several sportfishing tournaments hosted in the U.S. Virgin Islands each year. The tournaments are hosted by local fishing clubs and organizations, such as the Virgin Islands Game Fish Club, Golden Hook Fishing Club, Virgin Islands for Veterans (VI4Vets), and the Northside Sportfishing Club.
The Division of Fish and Wildlife serves as weighmasters at many of these tournaments. For each fish landed, we identify the species, weigh the fish, and measure the fork length of the fish. We also collect fishing effort data, including fishing area, number of anglers, length of time spent fishing, gear type used, and more. Species targeted in the tournaments include coastal pelagics (e.g., Kingfish Shootout, Bastille Day Kingfish Tournament), offshore pelagics (e.g., Wahoo Windup, Dolphin Derby), and shallow-water gamefish and reef fish (e.g., St. Thomas Spearfishing tournament).
Commercial Fishery Data Collection
The Division of Fish and Wildlife monitors the commercial fishery, collects data, and liaises with commercial fishers under the Fisheries Cooperative Statistics Program (CSP), funded by the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA Fisheries).
The U.S. Virgin Islands hosts an extensive commercial fishery. In total, there are approximately 250 licensed commercial fishers in the Territory. USVI commercial fishers are required to hold a commercial fishing license issued by the Department of Planning and Natural Resources. Licenses must be renewed annually in order for fishers to remain active. No new licenses have been issued since the moratorium of 2001, which implemented a halt on the issuance of new licenses as a measure to protect the fisheries resources of the USVI. However, licenses may be transferred among family members or to a licensed commercial fishing helper who fishes with the commercial license holder. Commercial fishing helpers are required to hold a “commercial helper’s permit” issued by the Division of Environmental Enforcement.
The Division of Fish and Wildlife monitors the health of fishery resources in the U.S. Virgin Islands using commercial catch reports (CCRs) submitted by licensed fishers. These forms collect information about fishing activity and all information is maintained in a confidential database. Accurate data is essential to fisheries management. Inaccurate or incomplete CCRs provide misleading data that may generate undue concern over a fishery resource. CCRs must reach DFW within two weeks after every fishing trip or within two weeks after the close of the month if no fishing took place. CCRs must be submitted in person or dropped in one of the drop boxes around each island. Current locations of the drop boxes are:
- Gustave Quetel Fish House (Frenchtown)
- Hull Bay Hideaway (Hull Bay)
- Department of Agriculture (Estate Dorothea)
- Neptune Fishing Supplies (Red Hook)
- Connections St. John (Cruz Bay)
- Deep Breath Dive Shop
- Budget Marine
- DPNR Division of Environmental Enforcement Office (Anna’s Hope)
The purpose of the Fisheries Cooperative Statistics Program (CSP) is to maintain a Territorial and Federal partnership to collect fisheries-dependent statistics in support of fisheries management following the Magnuson-Stevens Fishery Conservation Management Act. Program objectives include:
- To conduct ongoing outreach with the commercial fishing community in the Territory;
- To produce, update, and distribute educational fisheries materials;
- To assist with the annual renewal of commercial fishing licenses;
- To collect, review, and enter commercial fisheries landings data submitted by commercial fishers;
- To perform biostatistical sampling to collect detailed data to supplement information provided by commercial fishers on their catch report forms;
- To liaise between commercial fishers and federal agencies including NOAA’s Southeast Fisheries Science Center and Southeast Regional Office.
Commercial Fishery-Dependent Sampling
As part of the CSP program, DFW conducts fisheries-dependent sampling by measuring commercial catches and interviewing the fishers (also referred to as “port sampling” or “creel surveys”). During these surveys, DFW staff meet fishers at the various fishing ports around the islands and collect information about the fishers’ catch. We identify, measure, and weigh the individual fish and lobster in the catch. We also interview the fishers to collect effort and gear information, including length of time spent fishing (soak time), fishing area, gear type used, landing site, and crew size. These surveys enhance our understanding of the commercial fishery by collecting more detailed data than what is reported by fishers on their commercial catch report forms (CCRs).
Sampling is conducted weekly on a random basis from Monday through Friday, from 8 am to 5 pm. Sampling is also conducted after-hours on a scheduled basis for fishers who return to their port in the early morning, late at night, or on weekends. This facilitates data collection that is representative of the entire commercial fishery. Data are entered into an online database which is managed by NOAA Fisheries. From this data, we can obtain valuable metrics including annual landings; landings by district, port, and month; and trends in gear usage or fishing effort.
Southeast Area Monitoring and Assessment Program – Caribbean
The Southeast Area Monitoring and Assessment Program – Caribbean (SEAMAP-C) provides efficient and effective data collection of fishery-independent sampling. Goals of the study include enhancing understanding of 1) finfish population structure composition and 2) Queen Conch and Caribbean Spiny Lobster recruitment.
The program is a five-year study that will collect data on finfish populations in Years 1, 2, 4, and 5, and will collect data on Queen Conch and Caribbean Spiny Lobster in Year 3. Sampling methods utilize both active and passive techniques, including a camera video array, longline, and handline fishing. The sampling occurs at randomly stratified habitats and depths within territorial waters as well as within the Exclusive Economic Zone (EEZ) around the U.S. Virgin Islands. The data collected in this program informs management decisions made by local and federal resource managers.
Back at DFW’s lab, fish are processed to measure fork/total length, total weight, gutted weight, sex, gonad stage, and gonad weight.
Interjurisdictional Fisheries Project
The Interjurisdictional Fishery Project addresses knowledge gaps in USVI fisheries. This project establishes a fish age and growth study to determine the age structure of reef fish in the Territory. Fish samples are obtained from the SEAMAP-C project and are processed in DFW’s lab to extract otoliths from the fish. Otoliths are bony structures made of calcium carbonate located in the inner ear which assist fish in hearing, balance, and orientation. A new layer of bone is added to the otolith each year. Similar to growth rings of a tree, counting the bands of the otoliths provides an estimate of the fish’s age.
These projects are funded by NOAA Fisheries.
The Division of Fish and Wildlife conducts improvements and repairs of public boating access facilities in the Territory and is a voting member of the States Association of Boating Access (SOBA). Ongoing work includes improvements to three boat ramp and dock facilities in St. Croix, one boat ramp facility in St. Thomas, and maintenance of transient moorings in St. Thomas. These projects also have an outreach component to engage the community and provide education on the locations of available facilities, safe usage of the facilities, and to solicit feedback and input during every step of the project.
Boating Access Facility Improvements in St. Croix and St. Thomas
The goal of the U.S. Virgin Islands Boating Access Program is to plan, build, and improve boating access facilities throughout St. Croix and St. Thomas. In St. Croix, two boat ramps and one dock are free to use and open to the public. These facilities are located at Frederiksted, Altona Lagoon, and Gallows Bay. As these facilities suffered from structural deterioration from hurricanes and tropical storms, including Hurricanes Irma and Maria in September 2017, they were targeted for repairs and facility enhancements. Improvements include replacement and repair of dock framing, cleats, grates, rub stakes, repaving of ramps, and installation of educational signage.
On St. Thomas, there is a public boat access site located at Hull Bay, on the north side of the island. The ramp suffered displacement of concrete blocks and scouring of ramp surfaces from storm action. Planning is underway for replacement of the Hull Bay ramp. Planning meetings were held with engineers and environmental consultants, and permit applications have been submitted to local and federal agencies to authorize the needed repairs.
This program is funded by the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service Sport Fish Restoration Fund.
Christmas Cove Moorings
Transient mooring buoys offer numerous benefits to the recreational boating community and the marine environment. Anchoring of vessels causes damage to sensitive seagrass beds and coral, which function as essential fish habitat. Mooring fields eliminate boaters’ need to anchor while providing a safe, convenient alternative for them to secure their vessels. Moorings can mitigate damage to seagrass and other benthic habitats and promote their recovery from any sustained scarring or other damage.
Christmas Cove, St. Thomas, U.S. Virgin Islands, is located within the St. James Marine Reserve and Wildlife Sanctuary. Christmas Cove contains critical seagrass habitat and federally protected corals such as Acropora and Orbicella species. The area is subject to heavy usage by both local and visiting recreational boaters, snorkelers, SCUBA divers, and swimmers. To help conserve these sensitive habitats, the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service’s Boating Infrastructure Grant (BIG) supported the installation of a mooring field in the area in 2010 – 2011. Twenty-two (22) transient moorings and three (3) informative signs listing rules and regulations of the area and eligible uses of the moorings were installed in Christmas Cove under these awards.
The Division of Fish and Wildlife conducted major repairs to the mooring field in 2017 and continues to maintain the moorings on a regular basis. This ensures that the moorings continue to safely serve the recreational boating community of the USVI and protect the ecological communities in the bay. Additionally, a three-year environmental monitoring program was implemented to monitor seagrass, coral, and fish communities in Christmas Cove. The monitoring program documents improvements to the surrounding habitat as a result of the mooring repairs and also documents the presence of sensitive or endangered species.
This program is funded by the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service Sport Fish Restoration Fund.
OUTREACH MATERIALS & RESOURCES
DFW offers a variety of educational resources for fishers and resource users in the U.S. Virgin Islands, including brochures, posters, and handheld tools.
Stop in to one of the Division of Fish and Wildlife offices in Red Hook, St. Thomas, or Frederiksted, St. Croix, to pick up copies of the brochures or other available resource materials!
Familiarize yourself with the Commercial Catch Report
Print out your own fish ID ruler!
Fish the shorelines and shallow waters!
Below are links to our partner agencies and programs:
Caribbean Fishery Management Council: https://www.caribbeanfmc.com/
NOAA National Marine Fisheries Service Permit Shop: https://hmspermits.noaa.gov
NOAA Southeast Regional Office Permit Shop: https://sero.nmfs.noaa.gov/permits
Virgin Islands Code: http://www.lexisnexis.com/hottopics/vicode/
U.S. Code of Federal Regulations: https://gov.ecfr.io/cgi-bin/ECFR
Virgin Islands Game Fishing Club (St. Thomas): https://www.vigfc.com/
Golden Hook Fishing Club (St. Croix): https://fishstx.wixsite.com/fishstx
Beyond Our Shores Foundation: https://beyondourshores.org/
Dolphinfish Research Program: http://www.dolphintagging.com/
Southeast Area Monitoring and Assessment Program-Caribbean (SEAMAP-C): https://sero.nmfs.noaa.gov/operations_management_information_services/state_federal_liaison_branch/seamap/index.html